Alcohol & Nicotine ProductsStonegate Center Addiction Treatment in Texas
Commonly Used Alcohol And Nicotine Products
|Product||Examples of Common Types/Brands|
|Beer, 12 Fl Oz (About 5% Alcohol)||Budweiser, Bud Light, Coors ,Corona, Heineken, Miller Lite|
|Table Wine, 5 Fl Oz (About 12% Alcohol)||Red wine, sparkling wine/Champagne, white wine|
|Fortified Wine (Wine To Which A Distilled Liquor Has Been Added), 3-4 Fl Oz (About 17% Alcohol)||Madeira, marsala, port, sherry|
|Distilled Liquor, 1.5 Fl Oz Shot (80-proof/about 40% Alcohol)||Brandy, gin, rum, tequila, vodka, whiskey|
|Liqueurs, Cordials Or Aperitifs, 2-3 Fl Oz (About 24% Alcohol)||Cream/fruit/herbal/nut/spice/liqueurs, schnapps|
|Malt Liquor, 8-9 Fl Oz (About 7% Alcohol)||Colt 45, King Cobra, Mickey’s, St. Ides|
|Alcopop, Serving Size Varies By Brand (Between 7 To 12% Alcohol, Depending On The Brand)||Bacardi Silver, Captain Morgan Gold, Four Loko, Mike’s Hard Lemonade, Skyy Blue, Smirnoff Ice, Sparks|
Acute Effects: In low doses: euphoria; mild stimulation; reduced inhibitions; relaxation. In higher doses: impaired judgment and coordination; fatigue; nausea; slurred speech; impaired vision and memory; sexual dysfunction; loss of consciousness; increased risk of violence and injuries Health Risks: Addiction involving alcohol; increased risk of other substance use and addiction for adolescent users; fatal overdose; irregular heart beat (arrhythmias); stroke; depression; hypertension; increased risk of damage to the fetus in pregnant women; high blood pressure; fatty liver disease; alcoholic hepatitis; cirrhosis; pancreatitis; cancer of the mouth, esophagus, throat, liver or breast; weakened immune system
|Product||Examples of Common Types/Brands|
|Cigarettes||Camel, Kool, Marlboro, Newport, Pall Mall, Parliament, Winston, Salem|
Acute Effects: Increase in blood pressure and heart beat Health Effects: Addiction involving nicotine; increased risk of other substance use and addiction for adolescent users; cancer of the lung, oral cavity, bladder, cervix, esophagus, kidney, larynx, pancreas and stomach; stroke; coronary heart disease; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); pneumonia; declining lung function; reduced fertility in women and risk for reduced fertility in men; preterm delivery among pregnant women For exposure to secondhand smoke—sudden infant death syndrome; reduction of lung function in the fetus; low birth weight; impaired lung growth during childhood and adolescence; asthma-related symptoms.
|Cigars & Cigarillos;||Black and Mild, Phillies, Swisher Sweets|
|Pipe Tobacco And Other Loose-leaf Tobacco||Cherokee, Smoker’s Best, Sparrow|
Health Effects: Addiction involving nicotine; increased risk of other substance use and addiction for adolescent users; cancer of the lung, lip, throat, esophagus, larynx, pancreas, colon and rectum; heart disease; stroke; chronic lung disease
|Chewing Tobacco||Beech-Nut, Red Man|
|Snuff (Dipping Tobacco)||Copenhagen, Grizzly, Kodiak, Skoal|
Health Effects: Addiction involving nicotine; increased risk of other substance use and addiction for adolescent users; cancer including of the mouth, tongue, throat, stomach, pancreas or esophagus; receding gums; abrasion of teeth; tooth loss; potential contributor to heart disease and high blood pressure For snus: Research from Sweden (where use of snus is most established) shows lower rates of lung cancer with use of snus compared to use of cigarettes but the research also shows that snus are addictive and may increase the risk for cardiovascular disease
|Dissolvable Tobacco Products||Camel Orbs, Camel Strips|
|E-Cigarettes||Blu, Bull Smoke, Green Smoke, NJoy, SmokeStik, V2 Cigs|
American Cancer Society. (2012). Smokeless tobacco. [Online] Retrieved August 27, 2013 from http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/tobaccocancer/smokeless-tobacco.
American Cancer Society. (2013a). What are the health risks of smoking pipes or cigars? [Online] Retrieved August 28, 2013 from http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/tobaccocancer/questionsaboutsmokingtobaccoandhealth/questions-about-smoking-tobacco-and-health-pipes-cigars.
American Cancer Society. (2013b). What kinds of illness and death are caused by smoking cigars? [Online] Retrieved August 28, 2013 from http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/tobaccocancer/cigarsmoking/cigar-smoking-cancer-and-health.
American Society for Reproductive Medicine. (2003). Patient’s fact sheet: smoking and infertility. [Online] Retrieved September 4, 2013 from http://www.asrm.org/uploadedFiles/ASRM_Content/Resources/Patient_Resources/Fact_Sheets_and_Info_Booklets/smoking.pdf.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2004). The health consequences of smoking: A report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health.
Foulds, J., Ramstrom, L., Burke, M., & Fagerstrom, K. (2003). Effect of smokeless tobacco (snus) on smoking and public health in Sweden. Tobacco Control, 12, 349-359.
Lee, P.N. (2013). The effect on health of switching from cigarettes to snus—a review. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 66, 1-5.
National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse. (2013a). Alcohol’s Effects on the Body. [Online] Retrieved August 27, 2013 from http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/alcohols-effects-body.
National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse. (2013b). What is a “Standard” Drink? [Online] Retrieved August 27, 2013 from http://rethinkingdrinking.niaaa.nih.gov/whatcountsdrink/whatsastandarddrink.asp.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee. (2012). Summary: TPSAC report on dissolvable tobacco products. [Online] Retried August 27, 2013 from www.fda.gov.
U.S. Public Health Service. (1986). The health consequences of using smokeless tobacco: a report of the advisory committee to the surgeon general. NIH Publication No. 86-2874. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service.
[Adapted From] National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2012). Commonly abused drugs. [Online]. Retrieved May 21, 2013 from http://www.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/rx_drugs_placemat_508c_10052011.pdf.
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